What Dj Technique Was The Precursor To Scratching

What Dj Technique Was The Precursor To Scratching – Turntablism is the practice of manipulating sound and creating new music, sound effects, mixes and other creative sounds and beats, usually using a DJ mixer with two or more turntables and cross faders.

The mixer is connected to a PA system for live events and/or broadcast equipment (if the DJ is performing on radio, TV or internet radio) so that a wider audience can hear the turntablist’s music. Turntablists move records on a turntable to point the stylus at the correct point on a record and touch or move the record or record to stop, slow down, speed up or reverse or move the record. the turntable’s disc forward and backward (the popular rhythmic “scratch” effect that is a staple of hip-hop music),

What Dj Technique Was The Precursor To Scratching

What Dj Technique Was The Precursor To Scratching

DJ to adjust the volume and level of each turntable using the mixer’s crossfader controls and the mixer’s gain and equalizer controls. Turntables typically use two or more turntables and headphones to set the desired starting point on different records (Gracely et al., 2013).

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Turntables, often called DJs (or “DJs”), prefer direct-drive turntables to belt-drive or other types because “scratching” and other spinning manipulations, such as slowing down a record, can stretch or damage the belt. Because , the direct drive turntable can be stopped, slowed or reversed without damaging the electric motor. The term Turntablist was coined by Luis “DJ Disc” Quintanilla (Primus, Herbie Hancock, Invisible Scratch Picklez).

To describe the difference between a DJ who simply plays and mixes records and someone who works by physically manipulating records, styluses, turntables, turntable speed controls and mixers to create new sounds. The new term coincided with the revival of hip-hop DJing in the 1990s.

John Oswald describes the art: “The phonograph, in the hands of a ‘hiphop/scratch’ artist who plays an electronic washboard-like disc as a plectrum, creates unique and unreproducible sounds. The instrument..”

Some turntables use turntable techniques such as mixing/matching beats, scratching and juggling. Some turntablists try to pass themselves off as traditional musicians with the ability to interact and improvise with other players. Depending on the records and tracks selected by the DJ and their style of turn (eg, hip hop music), a turner may add rhythmic backing “stabs”, percussive breaks, basslines or beat loops, atmospheric “pads”, chords or interludes. Stories can be created. .. harmonic line.

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The underground movement of turntablism also emerged to focus on the DJ’s skills. In the 2010s, turntablist competitions were held, where turntablists displayed advanced beat juggling and scratching skills.

The use of the turntable as a musical instrument began in the 1930s, 1940s, and 1950s when musique concrète composers experimented with audio equipment. Experimental composers (such as John Cage, Halim El-Dav and Pierre Schaeffer) used them to create samples and music that was effortlessly produced from the turntable. Cage’s Imaginary Landscape no. 1 (1939) composed for two variable speed turntables, frequency recording, silent piano and cymbals. Although Edgard Vares had experimented with turntables before 1930, he never formally produced a work using them. Although this school of thought and practice is not directly associated with the definition of 1970-2010 Turntablism in hip hop and DJ culture, it has influenced modern experimental sonic/artists such as Christian Merkley, Janek Schaefer, Otomo Yoshihide, Philip Zack. , and Maria Chavez. Today’s turntablism did not become popular until the advent of hip hop advertising in the 1970s.

Examples of diversion effects can also be found in popular records produced in the 1960s and 1970s. It was most prominent in Jamaican dub music in the 1960s.

What Dj Technique Was The Precursor To Scratching

Among DJs in Jamaican sound system culture. Dub music introduced the technology of mixing and scratching vinyl.

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Outside of dub music, the song “Walk on the Water” from the Creed’s 1968 self-titled debut album Clearwater Revival is a background influence.

Turntivism began with addressing direct drive turntables. Early belt-drive turntables were unsuitable for turntablism because they had slow start-up times and were prone to tearing and breaking.

It does away with belts, instead using a motor to directly drive a disc that holds a vinyl record.

In 1971, Matsushita Technics released the SL-1100. Due to its powerful motor, durability and reliability, it was adopted by early hip hop artists.

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After he moved to New York while developing new techniques with the direct-drive turntable technology of the Technics SL-1100 used for his first sound system.

A signature technique he developed was to alternate playing two copies of the same record to increase the selection section of B-dancers.

It was developed by a team led by Shuichi Obata at Matsushita in 1971 and released to the market in 1972.

What Dj Technique Was The Precursor To Scratching

It was adopted by New York City hip hop DJs such as Grand Wizard Theodore and Africa Bambaataa in the 1970s. As they experimented with the SL-1200 deck, they developed the scraping technique where they discovered that the motor would spin at the correct RPM as the DJ flipped the disc around on the disc.

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Since then, turntableism has permeated hip hop culture, and the SL-1200 has remained the most widely used turntable in DJ culture for decades to come.

Turntablism has its roots as a modern art form and musical practice in African-American inner-city hip-hop of the late 1970s. Cool Hark (a Jamaican DJ who moved to New York City), Afrika Bambaataa and Grandmaster Flash are widely credited with the DJ’s now established role as a key instrumentalist in hip hop.

Kool Hark’s break-beat DJing appeal is considered a seminal development in hip hop history, as it spawned all other aspects of Grey’s. His influence on the concept of “DJ as turntablist” is equally profound.

To understand the significance of this achievement, it is important to first define “breakthrough”. In short, a “break” in a song is a multi-second segment of music, usually in the form of an “interlude” where all or most of the music stops except for the drums. Cool Herc introduced break beat technology as a way to extend rest days indefinitely. This is done by buying two of the same record, finding the break on each record and using the DJ mixer to switch from one to the other: eg, with A on record, the DJ quickly switches to the same break on record B. , which is repeated at a certain moment, A will occur where the listener does not notice that the DJ has changed the record. Using that concept, Grandmaster Flash elaborated on Kool Hark’s invitation to break DJ and came up with a quick mix theory, and Flash dropped part of the record like clockwork.

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Kool Hark’s revolutionary techniques paved the way for the development of turntablism as an art form in significant ways. Most importantly, however, he created a new form of DJing that didn’t involve playing and mixing records one after the other. The type of DJ who specializes in mixing a set is respected for his own unique skill set, but mixing playlists is still DJing in the traditional sse. Cool Hark instead came up with the idea of ​​creating his own sequence, introducing the DJ idea as a “feature” of parties, where the performance would be different from other nights, and the music would be created by them. DJ mixing a bassline in one song and a beat in another. (Gracely and Prior, 2013). The DJ will be critically examined by the crowd on a technical and stage level.

Grand Wizard Theodore, one of the Flash’s trainers, accidentally unleashes Turntablism’s most recognizable technique: Scratching. He one day put his hand on a disc to turn off the music on the turntable when his mother called him, so by moving the disc back and forth under the pen, he accidentally heard the scratching sound. Although Theodore created the scratch, it was Flash who helped push the basic concept and showcase it to the public during his live shows and recordings. DJ Grand Mixer DXT is credited with advancing the concept of scratching by practicing rhythmic scratching on one or more turntables (usually two), using different velocities to vary the pitch of notes or sounds during recording (Alberts 2002). . DXT (as DST) appeared on Herbie Hancock’s hit song “Rocket”.

These early pioneers captured the basic practice that later became the emerging turn art form. Scratching became a staple of hip hop music in the 1980s, used by producers and DJs in recordings and live performances. By the 1980s, it was very common to hear scratches on a record, usually as part of a chorus on a track or during its production.

What Dj Technique Was The Precursor To Scratching

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