What Percentage Of The Us Population Is Black

What Percentage Of The Us Population Is Black – Last year, the US population grew at its slowest pace in a century, as there were fewer births, more deaths and less immigration. Fertility rates fell regardless of race or Hispanic origin, and declines in immigration were also widespread. As a result, the growth rate of both the white minority and non-Hispanic populations declined. Still, the racial diversity of the population continues to grow, according to new estimates from the Census Bureau. This growing diversity reflects two important demographic trends. The minority population is increasing and the non-Hispanic white population is decreasing. This interplay between changing white and minority demographics increased diversity.

Diversity is widespread in many areas of the country. But the diversity is geographically uneven. In most parts of the South and West, as well as in large urban areas across the country, the population is very diverse. This is reflected in the yellow and orange areas of Figure 1. Here, two residents of the same county are more likely to be of different races or Hispanic origins. In contrast, populations across much of New England, the Great Lakes, and the northern Great Plains are much more homogeneous, as reflected in the shades of blue and green on the map.

What Percentage Of The Us Population Is Black

What Percentage Of The Us Population Is Black

All of the population growth in both countries since last year and 2010 is the result of the increase of minorities. The minority population has increased by 1,777,000 or 1.4 percent in the last year and by 19,500,000 or 17.5 percent since 2010. The Hispanic population growth of 932,000 accounted for 60 percent of the total population last year. Non-Hispanic Asians and Blacks also contributed significantly to recent growth of 360,000 and 287,000, respectively. Both multi-caste (173,000) and indigenous (24,400) populations also increased. In contrast, the non-Hispanic white population decreased by 225,000 between July 2018 and July 2019.

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According to the latest Census Bureau estimates, the population was: 60.1 percent non-Hispanic whites; 18.5 percent Hispanic; 12.5 percent non-Hispanic Black; 5.8 percent non-Hispanic Asians; 2.2 percent non-Hispanic of two or more races; and 0.9 percent of Aboriginal people (Figure 2).

Kenneth M. Johnson is the school’s senior demographer, Professor of Sociology at the University of New Hampshire, and an Andrew Carnegie Fellow.

The markedly different demographic trajectories between non-Hispanic whites and minorities result from the interaction of several key demographic forces. Natural increase (births fewer deaths) produced 62 percent of the average US population last year. Immigration also remained important, accounting for another 38 percent of last year’s population growth. Although both natural increase and immigration have declined in recent years, they continue to contribute to the increasing diversity of the US population. Minority populations are growing, both because there are more births than deaths and because of modest immigration gains. In contrast, the non-Hispanic white population has declined due to fewer births, increased deaths, and minimal migration.

The driving force behind the growth of the minority population is natural increase. Currently, there are 2.9 minority births for every death. For Hispanics, the ratio is even higher at 4.8 births per death. Births to minorities exceed deaths because the minority population (excluding Asians) is on average about ten years younger than the non-Hispanic white population (mean age 43.7) and because minority fertility rates are slightly higher, despite being in have declined lately. Thus, the minority population includes more women of reproductive age and fewer adults at high risk of mortality. Between 2018 and 2019, 70 percent of the minority population increase was due to natural increase. Among Hispanics, the natural increase was even higher, accounting for 83 percent of the population increase. Therefore, while immigration remains important, it is a natural increase that now accounts for most of the minority population.

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Conversely, more non-Hispanic whites die than are born. For every 100 non-Hispanic white deaths last year, there were only 87 births. Between 2010 and 2019, there were only 94 births for every 100 deaths. Last year, whites accounted for 77 percent of all deaths in the US but 50 percent of births. A modest migration of non-Hispanic whites is not enough to offset this natural decline, which results in a smaller population.

Minority population growth combined with population declines among non-Hispanic whites increases population diversity, as minorities now make up a larger proportion of the population than before. However, diversity has slowed in recent years due to falling fertility and declining minority immigration. Minorities make up about 40 percent of the US population today, down from 36 percent in 2010 and 31 percent in 2000.

Children are at the forefront of growing diversity. As of 2019, only 50 percent of people under the age of 18 are non-Hispanic white. In contrast, 76 percent of the population over 65 is non-Hispanic white. Increasing diversity in children is fueled by more minority children and fewer non-Hispanic white children. Between 2010 and 2019, the minority child population increased by 6 percent, while the non-Hispanic white child population decreased by about 8 percent. This is partly because there were just 1 percent more white women of prime childbearing age (20 to 39) in 2019 than there were in 2010, compared with about 17 percent more minority women. Additionally, widespread declines in fertility rates have led to declines in both non-Hispanic white and minority births. These changes have placed children at the forefront of an increasingly diverse society. Although the Great Depression and its economic aftermath reduced the number of births and the fertility rate of all women, the US population in general continued to grow and diversity increased. How the Covid-19 pandemic will affect mortality, fertility and immigration in the future remains to be seen. While pandemics can affect the rate of change in diversity, long-term demographic trends make it likely that diversity will continue to increase in the United States.

What Percentage Of The Us Population Is Black

This analysis is based on Census Bureau population estimates released on June 25, 2020. The classification of births and deaths by race in Census Bureau estimates differs from the methods used by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). As such, there is a difference in the number of births and deaths classified as non-Hispanic whites by the two agencies. The Census Bureau allows births and deaths of multiple races. NCHS data consistently show non-Hispanic white births higher than census data. Therefore, readers should exercise caution in interpreting these results and recognize that this analysis is indicative of current trends using the best data currently available.

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Barbara Cook from the school provided GIS support for the project. This research was supported by joint funding from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, USDA in support of Hatch Multi-State Regional Project W-4001 through the author’s Andrew Carnegie Fellowship and the New Hampshire Agricultural Experiment Station. The content is solely the responsibility of the author and does not necessarily reflect the official opinion of the supporting organizations. A locked padlock or https:// means you are securely connected to the .gov website. Only share confidential information on authorized, secure websites.

In 2020, two separate questions (one for Hispanic or Latino origin and one for race) were used that are required to capture the racial and ethnic origins of the US population, according to the US Office of Management and Budget (OMB) im standards established in 1997.

Based on our research over the past decade, we revised the design of two separate questions and updated our data processing and coding practices for 2020.

This work began in 2015 with our research and testing focused on the results of our 2015 National Materials Test and has been implemented in the Design 2018 test.

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Improvements and changes allowed for a more complete and accurate account of how people identify themselves and give a more accurate picture of how people report their Hispanic origin and race in the form of a two-question format.

These changes show that the US population is far more multiracial and diverse than we have measured in the past.

We believe that the differences in the overall racial distribution are largely due to improvements in the design of the two separate questions for collecting and processing racial data, as well as some demographic changes over the past 10 years.

What Percentage Of The Us Population Is Black

As our research has shown over the past decade, we believe that using a single combined question for race and ethnicity will ultimately provide a more accurate picture of how the US population self-identifies, particularly for those who self-identify identify – identify as multiracial or multiracial.

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Today’s release of the newly distributed 2020 data provides a new snapshot of the country’s racial and ethnic makeup as a result of improvements in the design, processing and coding of race and ethnicity issues.

Almost all groups experienced population growth during this decade, and the increase in the population of two or more races (referred to throughout history as a multiracial population) was particularly large (up to 276%). The white population alone has declined by 8.6% since 2010.

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