What Type Of Trumpet Was Patented In 1981

What Type Of Trumpet Was Patented In 1981 – Top-action Rotary valve trumpet (tarv), or rotary valve trumpet (German: Zylinder-Jazz-Trompete, Drehventil Jazz-trompet, Vertikaltrompete) has gained popularity again with Mnozil Brass Thomas Gansch playing the Gansch horn made by Schagerl. Trying to combine the advantages of the rotary valve with the prospect of the perinet trumpet has a long history, dating back to the 19th century. On this page I have collected pictures of old and new, along with information I can find about their makers. From the invention of the 19th century to the jazz-inspired design of the roaring twenties, from the East German post-war dance band model to the latest novelties of Schagerl, Possegger and others.

The valve was invented in the early 19th century. Much has been written about the development of this invention, which took place in different places, device manufacturers copying and improving each other’s designs. In 1818, Heinrich Stölzel (1777 – 1844) and Friedrich Blühmel (1777 – 1845) obtained a patent in Germany for the piston valve horn. The second valve design widely used in Germany is the rotary valve, produced as early as 1824 by Nathan Adams (1783-1864) Boston and patented in 1835 by Joseph Riedl in Vienna. In this design, the piston is rotated in the valve housing instead of moving vertically, so that the bore is very consistent. Although the rotary valve is difficult to disassemble for maintenance, this type of valve would become the standard design used in horns in Germany in the late nineteenth century. Another important development was the improved piston valve invented in 1838 or 1839 by the brass instrument maker François Périnet of Paris. The design features a faster action and better tube arrangement than the older Berlin valve design. While Périnet piston valves are often used in France and England and the US, they are rarely used in Germany.

What Type Of Trumpet Was Patented In 1981

What Type Of Trumpet Was Patented In 1981

One early example of a high-action rotary valve instrument is this cornet by Carl August Müller in the collection of the MusikMuseum Basel (S). Carl August Müller (Adorf 11 Jan. 1804 – Mainz 27 Jan. 1870) was educated in Vogtland, settled in Mainz around 1824 and established his own workshop C. A. Müller Musikinstrumenten-Fabrik in 1827. Among other things, he invented what is called the Mainzer valve. The lower cornet has levers that actuate the rotary valves.

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Although perinet valves were popular in France, a first system of high-action rotary valves came from the French valvemaker (pistonnier) Nicolas-Paul Belorgey. After working for most Parisian factories in the mid-19th century, he received a patent in 1847 for a valve in which the cylinder was controlled by a small valve with a coil spring.

Left: the MIM cornet, in the courtyard of the museum Belorgey is the creator. MIM employee Géry Dumoulin described it in his book ‘Cornets a pistons’ (2001) as an ‘anonymous’ device and the Belorgey system (right)

The first pushrod top action rotary valve device was a cornet by Henry Distin in London. The Distin family were famous musicians and became Adolphe Sax’s agent for the sale of his instruments in England from 1846. In 1850 Henry took over the business from his father as Distin & Co. and from 1851 they started making their own instruments. In 1854 (March 27) Distin patented a rotating valve cornet with tension springs in the barrel in France. This cornet arrangement was registered as a design in Britain in the same year. The patent image shows the cornet rotary valve built in such a way that (according to Distin) it can be easily disassembled. Clean the device and replace the spring so that it can be done by the player. Only one surviving instrument made for this patent is known, a cornet (serial number 1105) in the Ontario Museum, Toronto.

The Musical Instruments Museums Edinburgh has a Henry Distin silver plated cornet with high action rotary valve in its collection, dated ‘probably about 1857’. It is associated with the “Perpendicular Rotary Cornet” in Henry Distin’s 1857 catalog.

Rotary Valves And Rotating Direction

A silver B flat cornet by Carl Boosé (1815-1868), who was employed by Boosey as an orchestral music editor and wind tester. T. Boosey & Co. advertised as ‘agents for his military band instruments’. The Boosey Company suddenly became a major player in the brass market in June 1868 through the purchase (for £9700) of Henry Distin’s tool factory.’ Before this, their copper production was either small or outsourced, but they did not have a significant customer base as instrument dealers.

Some instruments survive with both “C. BOOSE” or “BOOSEY & SONS” or, finally, “BOOSEY & COMPY” inscribed. Carl Boose, primarily a bandmaster and music publisher, died in August 1868. It is not known who actually made the instrument marked “C. BOOSE”. The design is similar to the Distin model: it may have been made in the Distin factory; but they could have imported the continent, or Carl Boose could have run his own workshop. Early inventory books show that brass instruments made by Boosey & Co. sold at the time of the acquisition of the Distin factory almost all went to orchestras and other customers. As some were sold to dealers, it is possible that Boosey & Co. were themselves largely or entirely dealers in copper wind. This is not the case with woodwinds, where Boosey & Co. it has established the manufacturer. (

The idea of ​​combining a rotary valve with an overhead piston action was patented in 1857, January 15, by Joseph Higham of Manchester, England (GB # 123). The patent expired three years later because Higham did not pay the £50 required for an extension.

What Type Of Trumpet Was Patented In 1981

Higham (b. Manchester 1818; d. Manchester 1883) founded his firm in 1842. The company was involved in making and exporting instruments for the army and navy. Higham’s cornets have a valve system that consists of a piston passing through what looks like a valve casing, which is operated by a rotary valve. These valves are very similar to those of Isaac Fiske, who patented the idea much later in 1866 in the United States. Higham also makes a baritone with a valve system like this.

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Isaac Fiske, an instrument maker from Worcester, Massachusetts, patented a pushrod cornet, the first patent dated October 30, 1866. February 11, 1868, he was granted a patent for an improvement on his invention (patent US74331). American rotary valves of the 19th century used rope linkages while in Higham valves like German rotary valves the connection between the contact piece and the rotor is in the form of metal levers. Isaac Fiske’s patented innovation was the integration of piston action with a string-rotating valve design, a straight, up-and-down movement of the push rod instead of the arcing movement of normal rotary valves. In the 1868 catalog, Fiske offered this system for Bb and Eb cornets ($60 for brass, $5 more than his piston-valve cornets), but also for tenor horns. As Robb Stewart of Arcadia, California, put it, it was his answer to changing fashions in cornets. Fiske is losing market share, both because this mode is more French style cornets. He designed a rotary valve mechanism that placed the device in the same ergonomic position as the Perinet piston valve. This push rod actuated valve has the additional advantage of short stroke and mechanical and acoustic properties of other instruments.

Isaac Fiske Bb Cornet in Illustrated Catalog of Musical Instruments 1868 and source photo of this instrument:

Isaak Fiske cornet with spring and reversed valve. In the patent hours of November 12, 1867 it is mentioned

He is known to have offered cornets built with this configuration in catalogs printed in 1873 and 1881. On the lower Eb cornet with triangular valves, other patents are mentioned, dated

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29 April 1873 (triangular valve) / 12 November 1867 (increased rogue). A patent dated September 23, 1873 shows another improvement (concentric curves in valve casings). The Fiske Museum (now moved to the Musical Instrument Museum (MIM) in Phoenix) has a Bb cornet, as does William Hull Faust, Columbus Ohio.

Fiske Eb cornet, collection: NMM Fiske Bb cornet, collection: Metropolitan Museum of Art Fiske Bb cornet, source: Musik Traut

Isaac Fiske made a tenor horn and Bb/Eb tuba with the same valve configuration Source: Ebay.com (tenor) HUC (tuba)

What Type Of Trumpet Was Patented In 1981

Fiske’s patent was used by Frederick Beaumont, who worked for Isaac Fiske. In partnership with George McFadden, he produced an unlicensed copy of Fiskes’ patented design. The feud with Fiske forced McFadden & Beaumont out of business within two years.

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19th century American rotary valves used rope linkages while German rotary valves had metal levers to connect the tappet and rotor. Here is a typical E. Seltmann wheat cornet shown by Cris Larios of Kansas City. Ernst Theodor Seltmann (1828 – 1883) came from Neukirchen, Saxony and immigrated to the USA, arriving at the port of Baltimore on June 29, 1857. He established himself as a maker of brass instruments in Philadelphia and flourished there through the Civil War and then until his death. The National Music Museum in Vermillion has several of these