What Ultimately Led To The Boston Massacre

What Ultimately Led To The Boston Massacre – Our spaces are small and can get crowded, so we encourage all visitors to wear a mask in our buildings.

October 11, 6:30 – 7:45 p.m.: “The Second Fourth of July: The American Revolutionary War in the Southern Caribbean”

What Ultimately Led To The Boston Massacre

What Ultimately Led To The Boston Massacre

On July 4, 1779, French troops captured the British Caribbean colony of Grenada. They would live on this island, as well as the neighboring islands of St. Vincent and Dominic, until the Treaty of Paris in 1783. This talk explores what the American Revolution meant for British colonial subjects in these parts of The less explored Americas. Indigenous, artificially enslaved people took the opportunity to ally with Britain’s main rival, France, and many used this turbulent time to seek freedom, sovereignty or independence.

Boston Non Importation Agreement

The African-Atlantic history of smallpox inoculation is a rich, but often overlooked, story. This lecture situates the story of Onesimus and the more scientific Cotton Mather in early eighteenth-century Boston within the broader history of Africans practicing smallpox vaccination in West Africa, Jamaica, and Saint Domingue (Haiti) during the late revolutionary era. the eighteenth century.

These lectures are offered in association with GBH and Suffolk University. They are hybrid, in person at The Commons (5th floor), Sargent Hall, 120 Tremont St., Suffolk University, and streaming online at the links above.

Meet colonial re-enactors, see displays of colonial crafts, listen to early American music concerts, enjoy family-friendly activities and special tours.

What really happened on the evening of April 18, 1775? Discover the true story of Paul Revere’s legendary midnight ride.

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Visit our collection, contribute, contribute or give us a gift and ensure that students of all ages are exposed to Paul Revere’s powerful legacy. The American colonies’ break with the British Empire in 1776 was not a sudden, impulsive act. Instead, the union of the 13 colonies to fight and win the War of Independence against the Crown was the culmination of a series of events that began over ten a year before that. The enlargements began shortly after the end of the French and Indian War, known elsewhere as the Seven Years’ War, in 1763. Here are some important moments that led to the American Revolution.

A sheet of penny revenue stamps printed by Great Britain for the American colonies, following the Stamp Act of 1765.

To recover some of the huge debts left over from the war with France, Parliament passed laws such as the Stamp Act, which for the first time taxed a wide range of transactions in the colonies.

What Ultimately Led To The Boston Massacre

“Until now, each colony had its own government that decided what taxes they would owe and what they collected,” explains Willard Stern Randall, professor emeritus at Champlain College and author of many works on early America, with includes America Unleashed: How. The War of 1812 effectively ended the American Revolution.

What Was The Boston Massacre?

“They felt that they had spent much blood and treasure to protect the colonists from the Indians, and therefore they should pay their share.”

The colonists did not see it that way. They resented not only buying goods from the British but also paying taxes. “The tax was never collected because the place was a mess,” says Randall. Eventually, Benjamin Franklin convinced the British to repeal it, but that only made matters worse. “It made the Americans think they could push back on anything the British wanted,” says Randall.

An American colonist anxiously reads a royal proclamation regarding the tea tax in the colonies while a British soldier stands by a rifle and bayonet, Boston, 1767. The tea tax was one of the clauses of the Townshend Acts.

Parliament again tried to assert its authority by passing a tax on goods imported by Americans from Great Britain. The Crown established a Board of Customs Commissioners to stop smuggling and corruption among local officials in the colonies, who were often involved in illicit trade.

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The Americans countered by organizing a boycott of British goods subject to taxation and began harassing British customs commissioners. To quell the resistance, the British sent troops to occupy Boston, which only added to the bad feeling.

Simmering tensions between the British occupiers and Boston residents flared up one afternoon when 200 colonists surrounded seven British soldiers in a dispute between an apprentice barber and a British soldier. When the Americans started taunting the British and throwing things at them, the soldiers apparently lost their cool and started shooting into the crowd.

Three men, including an African-American sailor named Crispus Attucks, were killed, and two others were fatally injured by smoke inhalation. Horror was a useful propaganda tool for the colonists, especially after Paul Revere circulated graffiti misrepresenting the British as invaders.

What Ultimately Led To The Boston Massacre

The British eventually withdrew their forces from Boston and repealed Townshend’s draconian legislation. But they abandoned the tea tax and in 1773 a new law was passed, the Tea Act, which caused financial trouble for the East India Company. This act extended favorable treatment to the company under tax regulations so that it could sell tea at a discount to American merchants who imported it from Dutch traders.

France In The American Revolutionary War

The Americans didn’t like it. “They didn’t want the British to tell them they had to buy tea, but it wasn’t just about that,” explains Randall. “Americans wanted to be able to trade with any country they wanted.”

A radical group, The Sons of Liberty, decided to fight the British. Disguised as Mohawks, they boarded three ships in Boston Harbor and destroyed more than 92,000 pounds of British tea by dumping them in the harbor. To make it clear that they were mutineers and not vandals, they avoided harming any of the crew or the ships themselves, and the next day they replaced the broken lock.

However, the Act of Obedience “upset the British government,” explains Randall. “Many of the shareholders of the East India Company were members of Parliament. Each of them paid £1,000—that would probably be about a million dollars now—for a share of the company to get a piece of the action for all this tea they were going to shove down the throats of the colonists. So when these fine people in Boston destroyed the tea, it was serious for them.”

The First Continental Congress, held at Carpenter’s Hall in Philadelphia, met to define American rights and to organize a plan of resistance against the coercive acts imposed by the British Parliament on the Boston Tea Party.

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In response to the Boston Tea Party, the British government decided it had to crush the rebellious Massachusetts colonists. In the spring of 1774, Parliament passed a series of laws, coercive acts that closed Boston Harbor until compensation was paid for the destroyed tea, replaced the colony’s elected council with a council appointed by the British, and gave full powers to British military governor. General Thomas Gage and banned town meetings without consent.

Another provision protected British colonial officials accused of capital crimes from being tried in Massachusetts, requiring instead that they be sent to another colony or to Great Britain for trial.

But perhaps the most provocative provision was the Quartering Act, which allowed British military officers to require their troops to be quartered in unoccupied houses and buildings in cities rather than remain outside the city. Although this did not force the colonists to quarter the troops in their homes, they did have to pay for the housing and feeding of the soldiers. Finally the separation of arms was one of the grievances mentioned in the Declaration of Independence.

What Ultimately Led To The Boston Massacre

British General Thomas Gage led an army of British soldiers from Boston to Lexington, where he planned to capture the radical colonial leaders Sam Adams and John Hancock, then move to Concord and seize their gunpowder. But American spies found out about the plan and, with the help of horsemen like Paul Revere, word spread that they were ready for the British.

Major Events That Led To The American Revolution

77 American militiamen confronted the British forces on Lexington Common and began shooting at each other. Seven Americans were killed, but another militia managed to hold back the British at Concord and continued to harass them as they retreated to Boston.

The British lost 73 killed, another 174 wounded and 26 missing. The bloody encounter proved to the British that the colonists were a formidable enemy to be dealt with seriously. This was the beginning of the American War of Independence.

Although the hostilities of the Revolutionary War began with Lexington and Concord, Randall says that at the beginning it was not clear whether the Southern colonies, whose interests did not coincide with the Northern colonies, were in the war for independence.

“The Southerners were totally dependent on the English to buy their crops, and they didn’t trust the Yankees,” he explains. “And in New England, the Puritans thought Southerners were lazy.”

Tour Revolutionary Boston In One Day

But this was before the brutal British naval bombardment and